Breast surgery



Plastic surgery



The aim of plastic surgery in general is the renovation and/or the remodeling of the face and the silhouette of subjects in good health.

This is different from reconstructive and repair surgery,which is to restore what nature, disease or a trauma has taken away or deformed.

Only doctors qualified in plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery and registered by the order are allowed to practice this specialty.

There are many techniques and non surgical alternatives in cosmetic surgery which can be proposed according to each case.


Mammary reconstruction


The mastectomy (or mammectomy) means the ablation of the mammary gland, a section of skin and areola. It remains unfortunately necessary in certain forms of breast cancer.

A request for post mastectomy breast reconstruction is completely legitimate after a mastectomy.
The purpose of this surgical intervention is to reconstitute the volume and contours of the breast by the emplacement of an inert prosthesis to the lower part of the pectoral muscle.

This is the first stept of the mammary reconstruction, which also includes moreover according to the needs and desires of the patient, the reconstruction of the areola and nipple, and possibly an intervention on the contralateral breast to improve the symmetry.

Mammary reconstruction, principles


The scar of mastectomy is re-used in case of mammary reconstruction. If it can sometimes be improved, it is however impossible to make it disappear.

The intervention consists in setting up, generally under the skin and the pectoral muscle, an internal prosthesis. This internal prosthesis is, in the simplest cases, the permanent prosthesis.


In some cases, it can be a temporary tissue expansion prosthesis intended to increase the quantity of covering tissues (skin, muscle) of the permanent prosthesis, in order to give a more natural aspect to the redesigned breast.

Sometimes the use of a musculo-cutaneous flap (great dorsal-right of abdomen) proves to be necessary especially after radiotherapy. In that case, the prosthesis used are anatomical.


In practice

- General anesthesia
- 2 à 3 nuits d'hospitalisation
- 2 or 3 nights of hospitalization
- Surgical bra for 3 weeks
- Resumption of sport possible after 3 to 6 weeks
- scarring prevention
- regular post-operative follow up

Practical information on mammary reconstruction

TÉLÉCHARGER LA FICHE CHIRURGIE DE la reconstruction mammaire



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